There are about 26 species of Erthroniums distributed around the Northern Hemisphere, with the majority of them coming from western USA. The one most familiar to us is the “Old World species (Europe) E. dens canis. It has the common name of dog’s tooth violet. Not because of the colour of the flower but due to the white colour and shape of the bulb said to resemble a dog’s tooth.
The Western USA erythroniums can be split into two groups, those with mottled leaves and those with plain leaves. The ones with mottled leaves are generally considered the most beautiful, and certainly the leaves themselves add greatly to their beauty. Those from foothill woodlands with mottled leaves bloom in the spring and are dormant in the summer. Those from high elevation meadows have green leaves, summer flowers and are dormant in winter.
A vigorous bulb which emerges in early spring, the leaves first, followed quickly by the flowers. The leaves are large and strap shaped, pale glossy green and slightly wavy margined. Flower are a bright yellow held on rigid stems with up to four per stem, yellow anthers add to the interest. Each stem is up to 35 cms high.It is native to the Sierra Nevada foothills of Tuolumne County, California.
Display only. Well worth trying Kaydale Nursery at Nietta Tasmania