Narcissus are native to Europe, North Africa surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They are generally easy to grow commencing growth in the winter or spring and dormant in summer. Many will tolerate large amounts of water during summer if they have good drainage, and some retain their roots while dormant. Our bulbs are planted in light soil and light shade. It seems to work ok for us. Some Narcissus will not flower reliably unless they get a fair amount of winter chilling, while others are fairly frost-tender and will be damaged by a succession of freeze thaw episodes. The quality of the flowers will remain consistent if bulbs are divided every few years.
Description and Distribution:
It is native to Spain and Portugal and has one to five fragrant deep yellow flowers on an eight-inch (20 cm.) stem. It blooms late winter, early spring.
This species is named for Fernandes. We are just not sure which Fernandes. Abílio Fernandes (born 1906 in Guarda-Portugal) was a Portuguese botanist and taxonomist from the Botanical Institute at the University of Coimbra. He is noted for his work on Amaryllidaceae and compiling floras of Portugal, Macronesia and tropical Africa. He married botanist Rosette Batarda (Born 1916). They settled in Coimbra 1941 when Abilio took up the appointment of Museum Director at the University. In 1947 he was appointed Naturalist of that institution, and remained there for the rest of his career. Rosette proceeded to reorganise and update the classification of herbarium material and published an index of seeds of the Botanical Garden. She went on numerous botanical collecting trips in Portugal, and arranged expeditions to Mozambique with her husband where they made large collections of plants, greatly increasing the herbarium material of the Botanical Institute of Coimbra and the Center for Tropical Research.