Narcissus are native to Europe, North Africa surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They are generally easy to grow commencing growth in the winter or spring and dormant in summer. Many will tolerate large amounts of water during summer if they have good drainage, and some retain their roots while dormant. Our bulbs are planted in light soil and light shade. It seems to work ok for us. Some Narcissus will not flower reliably unless they get a fair amount of winter chilling, while others are fairly frost-tender and will be damaged by a succession of freeze thaw episodes. The quality of the flowers will remain consistent if bulbs are divided every few years.
Description and Distribution:
Adaptable to most well drained garden soils in full sun. Moderate moisture is needed in spring and early summer and a dry period after flowering is beneficial but not critical. Divide every 3-4 years.
The name is derived from nektar, the drink of the Olympian gods. Skordion (garlic). The genus is from the Eastern Mediterranean region. N. siculum (South France, Italy and Sicily), tripedale (Northern Iraq and Western Iran). The subsp. bulgaricum is from Bulgaria and western Turkey.